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  1. Reading 1 item
    1. The classes offer an overview and an opportunity to debate ideas. But you will only derive full benefit from the course if you read widely. You should consult the recommended general texts (see top of the general bibliography) and preferably buy at least one or two of them. In order to prepare you must (each week in advance of the class) read some of the prescribed material listed on the class work sheet  – at least some of which will be available in electronic form. Obviously essays will require further intensive reading. If you need to, please ask for advice about what best to read. Please also try to co-operate with other students when using library books in order to ensure rapid circulation. The bibliography provided is mainly in English since most students on this course do not have a reading knowledge of Spanish. There are some Spanish titles in the RHUL Bedford Library. Others are available elsewhere in University of London libraries.   

  2. Introduction 1 item
    1. Although there are no prescribed readings for this week, the introductory lecture and tutorials will run normally.

  3. The Restoration Monarchy and the Politics of Containment 31 items
    1. Core readings 4 items
      1. Part 1 - Chapter 2 of Interrogating Francoism: history and dictatorship in twentieth-century Spain

        Chapter Essential This book will be useful throughout the course, so always check it - including for essay work.

    2. Supplementary readings 27 items
      1. (i) Explore the workings of caciquismo. (If you are able, you may also like to compare and contrast the situation in Spain with the political/social systems of other continental European countries you 9 items
        1. A social history of modern Spain - Adrian Shubert 1992 (electronic book)

          Book Recommended

        2. A social history of modern Spain - Adrian Shubert 1992

          Book Recommended

        3. Spain: a history - Raymond Carr 2000

          Book Further

        4. The end of the Spanish Empire, 1898-1923 - Sebastian Balfour 1997

          Book Further

        5. The end of the Spanish Empire, 1898-1923 - Sebastian Balfour 1997

          Book Further

      2. (ii) The `endurance of the old regime'?: examine the roles/workings of (a) the church and (b) army in Spain at the turn of the century (i.e 1898- to 1910s) 10 items
        1. iia 4 items
          1. A social history of modern Spain - Adrian Shubert 1990

            Book Further

        2. iib 6 items
          1. A social history of modern Spain - Adrian Shubert 1990

            Book Further

          2. The new Spaniards - John Hooper 1995

            Book Further

          3. Praetorian politics in liberal Spain - Carolyn P. Boyd 1979

            Book Further

      3. (iii) Make a list of the different kinds of social groups/classes in Spain. How would their experience of/feelings about this political system be different from each other? - i.e. describe the differe 8 items
        1. A social history of modern Spain - Adrian Shubert 1990

          Book Further

        2. The new Spaniards - John Hooper 1995

          Book Further

        3. Praetorian politics in liberal Spain - Carolyn P. Boyd 1979

          Book Further

  4. Industry and the Politics of Nationalism: Catalonia and the Basque Country 4 items
    1. Core Readings 2 items
    2. Also see... 2 items
  5. Peasants and Workers 2 items
    1. The Faith and the Fury: Popular Anticlerical Violence and Iconoclasm in Spain, 1931-1936 - M. Thomas 2013

      Book Essential Chapter on anticlericalism and the battle for public space.

  6. The Contemporary Crisis, 1914-23 5 items
    1. Core Readings 2 items
      1. The Great War and the Crisis of Liberalism in Spain, 1916-1917 - F. Romero Salvado 2003

        Article Essential PDF attached to MOODLE slot for week 5.

    2. Also useful are: 3 items
      1. Antonio Maura: From Messiah to Fireman - F.J. Romero Salvado

        Chapter Further

  7. The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera 1923-1930 4 items
    1. Core Reading 2 items
      1. Making Spaniards: Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923-1930 - A. Quiroga 2007

        Book Essential Extract from Chapter 1, pp. 15-31.

      2. Making Spaniards: Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923-1930 - A. Quiroga 2007 (Electronic Book)

        Book Essential Extract from Chapter 1, pp. 15-31.

    2. Further Reading 2 items
      1. Spain, 1808-1975 - Raymond Carr 1982

        Book Further

  8. The Second Republic (i) democratic reform and its enemies 5 items
    1. The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction - Helen Graham 2005 (electronic resource)

      Book Further

  9. The Second Republic: (ii) polarization and crisis 1934-36 1 item
    1. No readings.

  10. The Republic at war & the internationalisation of the civil war 13 items
    1. Core Readings 4 items
    2. See also 9 items
  11. The decisive international dimension of the Spanish Civil War, and the making of Franco's Spain 4 items
    1. Core Reading 2 items
    2. See also 2 items
  12. General Bibliography 24 items
    1. Unless otherwise indicated, titles on the bibliography are to be found in RHUL's Bedford library. A few titles are available only in Senate House, as indicated. Code numbers are Bedford Library class marks.

        

      Journals: Please note that in addition to the usual History and Social Science journals, the Bedford Library has in the past subscribed to the International Journal of Iberian Studies (and is now doing so again).   This is worth perusing, especially for material on more contemporary issues (i.e. 1980 onwards) where there is generally less material available in English.

    2. Most Useful General Titles:

    3. Modern Spain, 1875-1980 - R. Carr 1980

      Book Further

    4. The Spanish Republic and Civil War - J. Casanova 2010

      Book Further

    5. Catalonia: a Cultural History - M. Eaude 2007

      Book Further

    6. The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction - H. Graham 2005 (Electronic Resource)

      Book Suggested for Student Purchase

    7. Spanish Cultural Studies: An Introduction: The Struggle for Modernity - H. Graham, J. Labanyi 1995

      Book Further Including extensive index, glossary and contextualising editors' introductions.

    8. The New Spaniards - J. Hooper 2006

      Book Suggested for Student Purchase New revised edition.

    9. The New Spaniards - J. Hooper 1995

      Book Further

    10. Twentieth-Century Spain: Politics and Society in Spain, 1898-1998 - F. Romero Salvado 1999

      Book Suggested for Student Purchase

    11. The Agony of Spanish Liberalism: From Revolution to Dictatorship 1913-23 - F. Romero Salvado, A. Smith 2010

      Book Further Contains many useful chapters providing a great deal of coverage for the course.

    12. A Social History of Modern Spain - A. Shubert 1992 (Electronic Book)

      Book Further

    13. A Social History of Modern Spain - A. Shubert 1992

      Book Further

    14. Historical Dictionary of Spain - A. Smith 1996

      Book Further For reference only, volume restricted to library.

    15. Constructing Identity in Twentieth-Century Spain: Theoretical Debates and Cultural Practices - J. Labanyi 2002

      Book Further This is a sequel volume to Graham & Labanyi - although somewhat more culturally specialised.

    16. Social History 2004

      Journal Further Special issue of the journal entirely devoted to contemporary Spanish history.

    17. Spain: A Brief History - P. Vilar 1977

      Book Further

    18. Spain 1833-2002: People and State - M. Vincent 2007 (Electronic Book)

      Book Further

    19. Spain, 1833-2002: People and State - M. Vincent 2007

      Book Further

    20. The Basque Country: A Cultural History - P. Woodworth 2007

      Book Further

    21. Modern Spain: A Documentary History - J. Cowans 2003

      Book Further A book of source material in translation. A good percentage of the content is also searchable via GOOGLE books: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=dJl0BAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=modern+spain+a+documentary+history&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=modern%20spain%20a%20documentary%20history&f=false

  13. The rest of the bibliography (mostly alphabetical order by author) is divided as follows: 391 items
    1898-1931; The Second Republic, 1931-1936; The Civil War, 1936-1939. (For those students taking HS2224 a bibliography of post 1940 material will be posted to the HS2224 MOODLE site towards the end of the autumn term.)
    1. 1898-1931

    2. Catalonia - V. Alba 2013

      Book Further

    3. Catalan Nationalism: Past and Present - A. Balcells, G.J. Walker 1995

      Book Further

    4. Más Allá de la Posmodernidad. Estética de la Nueva Novela y Cine Españoles (Book Review) - J. Drinkwater, A. Terry, K. Crameri, M. Torramilans 1998

      Article Further

    5. 'Spanish Military Cultures and the Moroccan Wars, 1909-36' - S. Balfour, P. La Porte 2000

      Article Further

    6. Spain and the Great Powers in the Twentieth Century - S. Balfour, P. Preston 1999

      Book Further

    7. Praetorian Politics in Liberal Spain - C.P. Boyd 1979

      Book Further See also J. Hooper (The New Spaniards, above) and P. Preston (The Politics of Revenge, below) on the army.

    8. The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1998 - W.J. Callahan 2000

      Book Further

    9. Spain, 1808-1975 - R. Carr 1982

      Book Further

    10. Spain: A History - R. Carr 2000

      Book Further

    11. Person and God in a Spanish Valley - W.A. Christian 1972

      Book Further

    12. Moving Crucifixes in Modern Spain - W.A. Christian 1992

      Book Further

    13. Los Invisibles: A History of Male Homosexuality in Spain, 1850-1939 - R. Cleminson 2011 (Electronic Resource)

      Book Further

    14. The Basques, the Catalans and Spain - D. Conversi 1997

      Book Further

    15. Cultura y Movilización en la España Contemporánea - R. Cruz, J. Alvarez-Junco, M. Pérez Ledesma 1997

      Book Further

    16. La Radio en España, 1923-1997 - L. Diaz 1997

      Book Further

    17. City Space and the Daily Life of Women in Madrid in the 1920s - Pilar Folguera 1985

      Article Further A photocopy is available in Restricted Loan.

    18. Spanish Cultural Studies: An Introduction - The Struggle for Modernity - H. Graham, J. Labanyi 1995

      Book Further See collected essays in Section 2, 'Elites in Crisis, 1898-1931'. See especially essays by S. Balfour and J. Alvarez Junco.

    19. An Economic History of Modern Spain - J. Harrison 1978

      Book Further

    20. The Making of the Basque Nation - M. Heiberg 1989 (Electronic Resource)

      Book Further

    21. The Federal Republic of Spain: Pi y Margall and the Federal Republican Movement, 1868-1874 - A. Hennessy 1962

      Book Further This covers the 'liberal six years' (1868-74) - but is important for understanding the weaknesses of Republicanism thereafter.

    22. Spain - P. Heywood

      Chapter Further

    23. Spain - A. Smith

      Chapter Further

    24. Nations and Nationalism since 1780 - E.J. Hobsbawm 1992 (Electronic Book)

      Book Further Useful for Catalan and Basque nationalism - use index.

    25. Nations and Nationalism since 1780 - E.J. Hobsbawm 1992

      Book Further Useful for Catalan and Basque nationalism - use index.

    26. The Anarchists - J. Joll 1979

      Book Further

    27. Violencia Política en la España del Siglo 20 - S. Julia, C.P. Boyd 2000

      Book Further

    28. Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain, 1700-1988 - R.W. Kern, M.D. Dodge 1990

      Book Further

    29. The Revolutionary Left in Spain, 1914-1923 - G.H. Meaker 1974 (Electronic Book)

      Book Further

    30. 'Spain 1830-1914' - J. Nadal

      Chapter Further

    31. Basque Nationalism - S.G. Payne 1975

      Book Further

    32. Revolution from Above: The Primo de Rivera Dictatorship in Spain, 1923-1930 - J.H. Rial 1986

      Book Further Actually not very good, so use, if at all, in conjunction with work by Carr, Romero and Quiroga.

    33. Spain, 1914-1918: Between War and Revolution - F.J. Romero Salvadó 1999

      Book Further

    34. The Great War and the Crisis of Liberalism in Spain, 1916-1917 - F. Romero Salvado 2003

      Article Further PDF attached to MOODLE slot for week 5.

    35. The Nation in the Village: State-Building and Communal Struggles in the Catalan Borderland during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries - P. Sahlins 1988

      Article Further NB. Although Sahlins' work mainly falls outside our chronological framework, it is still useful for its conceptual consideration of how national identity is formed.

    36. The Economic Modernization of Spain, 1830-1930 - N. Sánchez-Albornoz 1987

      Book Further

    37. Spanish History Since 1808 - A. Shubert, J. Alvarez Junco 2000

      Book Further The contributions are of very uneven quality - but if you're stuck, the volume covers a fair amount of ground.

    38. Spain - A. Smith

      Chapter Further

    39. The Crisis of 1898: Colonial Redistribution and Nationalist Mobilization - A. Smith, E. Dávila Cox 1999

      Book Further See especially A. Smith's essay, 'The People and the Nation: Nationalist Mobilisation and the Crisis of 1895-98 in Spain'.

    40. ETA and Basque Nationalism: The Fight for Euzkadi, 1890-1986 - J. Sullivan 1988

      Book Further Useful first chapter on Basque nationalism in historical context (up to 1939) - available as a photocopy from course tutor.

    41. Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century Spain - S.G. Payne 1976

      Book Further J. Tusell, article on 'caciquismo'.

    42. Barcelonas - M. Vazquez Montalban 1992

      Book Further

    43. Approaches to the History of Spain - J. Vicens Vives, J.C. Ullman 1970

      Book Further

    44. Spain: A Brief History - P. Vilar 1977

      Book Further

    45. Tradition and Tourism: Representing Basque Identities in San Sebastian and its Province 1848-1936 - J.K. Walton

      Chapter Further Rather 'light' on politics, but interesting.

    46. The Second Republic, 1931-1936

    47. Carlism and Crisis in Spain, 1931-1939 - M. Blinkhorn 1975

      Book Further

    48. Spanish Labour Studies Revisited (Review Article) - C. Ealham 1996

      Article Further Copy available from tutor.

    49. Spanish Fascism in the Franco Era: Falange Española de las Jons, 1936-76 - S. Ellwood 1987

      Book Further See Chapter 1 on Falange, 1933-1939

    50. Lo Cuentan Como Lo Han Vivido - F. Escudero Andújar 2000

      Book Further

    51. Spain at War: The Spanish Civil War in Context, 1931-1939 - G. Esenwein, A. Shubert 1995

      Book Further See Shubert's pre-war section. But Esenwein's section on the war is poor.

    52. Federico García Lorca: A Life - I. Gibson 1989

      Book Further

    53. The Popular Front in Europe - H. Graham, P. Preston 1987

      Book Further

    54. The French and Spanish Popular Fronts: Comparative Perspectives 2002

      Book Further Chapters on: origins, theory of; church, army and; social & economic, cultural & educational policies of; Asturias as case study of

    55. Section 3, 'The Failure of Democratic Modernization, 1931-1939'

      Chapter Further nb. Graham in 'Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula' (Berg, 1996) (eds. C.Mar-Molinero & A. Smith) and Graham in 'Opposing Fascism: Community, Authority and Resistance in Europe' (Cambridge, 1999) (eds. T. Kirk and A. McElligot) also have information on pre-war period (articles listed in full under Graham in Civil War section below).

    56. Anarchosyndicalism, Libertarian Communism and the State: The CNT in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937 - G. Kelsey 1992

      Book Further See also his chapter below which condenses arguments of book.

    57. The Anarchists of Casas Viejas - J. Mintz 2004

      Book Further

    58. Spain's First Democracy: The Second Republic, 1931-1936 - S.G. Payne 1993

      Book Further See also Helen Graham's review of this in Journal of Modern History, Sept. 1996

    59. Anarchists in the Spanish Revolution - José Peirats 1990

      Book Further

    60. The Popular Front in Europe - H. Graham, P. Preston 1987

      Book Further

    61. ETA and Basque Nationalism: The Fight for Euskadi 1890-1986 - J. Sullivan 2015

      Book Further Photocopy of Chapter 1 (up to 1939) available from course tutor.

    62. Catalan Nationalism: Cultural Plurality and Political Ambiguity, 1931-1939 - E. Ucelay de Cal

      Chapter Further See also his piece in same book on 1891-1931 period (above).

    63. Spain - M. Vincent

      Chapter Further

    64. Spain - M. Vincent

      Chapter Further

    65. European Fascism - S.J. Woolf 1968

      Book Further See chapter on Spain.

    66. The Civil War

       

      NB. See separate sections (below) on internationalisation of the conflict and on international solidarity with the Republic (the International Brigades and Aid Spain movements).

      Note also that some of the titles in 1931-1936 section above also cover aspects of the war.

    67. The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain - P. Broué, E. Témime, T. White 1972

      Book Further

    68. Communism and the Spanish Civil War - D.T. Cattell 1965

      Book Further Useful counterweight to Bolloten.

    69. The Communist Movement: From Cominterm to Cominform - F. Claudin, B. Pearce, F. McDonagh 1975

      Book Further

    70. The Spanish Civil War - S.M. Ellwood 1991

      Book Further

    71. Blood of Spain: An Oral History of the Spanish Civil War - R. Fraser 1994

      Book Further Wonderful oral history - see also useful preface & appendices.

    72. The Spanish Civil War - H. Graham

      Chapter Further

    73. Spain and Europe: The View from the Periphery - H. Graham 1992

      Article Further This also reviews civil war texts

    74. The Spanish Republic at War, 1936-1939 - H. Graham 2002

      Book Further Also has chapters on the left 1898-1931 and 1931-1936.

    75. Memories of Resistance: Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War - S. Mangini González 1995

      Book Further See also useful review by Carrie Hamilton in Tesserae, vol. 4, no. 1, 1998.

    76. Homage to Catalonia - G. Orwell 1989

      Book Further

    77. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 - P. Preston 1990

      Book Further

    78. The Republic Besieged: The Civil War in Spain, 1936-1939 - A.L. Mackenzie, P. Preston 1996

      Book Further Various chapters on domestic politics and on internationalisation of conflict.

    79. Gunpowder and Incense: The Catholic Church and the Spanish Civil War - H.M. Raguer Suner, G. Howson 2006

      Book Further Also Spanish original: La polvora y el incienso. La iglesia y la guerra civil espanola (1936-1939) (Barcelona, 2001).

    80. Azul y rojo: Imagenes de la Guerra Civil Espanola - R. Recio Cardona, C. Engel 1999

      Book Further

    81. The May Days, Barcelona 1937 - A. Souchy 1987

      Book Further

    82. The Spanish Revolution, 1931-1939 - L. Trotsky, N. Allen, G. Breitman 1973

      Book Further

    83. The Civil War: Internationalisation of the Conflict

       

      See general titles above: also -

    84. Britain and the Spanish Civil War - T. Buchanan 1997

      Book Further

    85. Communism and the Spanish Civil War - D.T. Cattell 1965

      Book Further

    86. The Communist Movement: From Cominterm to Cominform - F. Claudin, B. Pearce, F. McDonagh 1975

      Book Further

    87. La Unión Soviética y la Guerra Civil Española: Una Revisión Crítica - D. Kowalsky, S.G. Payne, T. de Lozoya, J. Rabasseda-Gascón 2004

      Book Further

    88. Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959 - C. Leitz, D.J. Dunthorn 1999

      Book Further

    89. Spanish Notebooks - Ivan Maisky 1966

      Book Further

    90. Spain in an International Context, 1936-1939 - C. Leitz, D.J. Dunthorn 1999

      Book Further Chapter by E. Moradiellos

    91. Guernica Revisited - D.W. Pike 1999

      Article Further

    92. Spain Betrayed: The Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War - R. Radosh, M.R. Habeck, G. Sevostianov 2001

      Book Further This volume is important for the selection of primary source documents it contains. Use these, but beware the editors' highly contentious and frequently contradictory commentary. See Helen Graham's review in Science & Society, vol. 68, no. 3, Fall 2004 - photocopy available from Helen Graham.

    93. Franco's Irish Volunteers - R.A. Stradling 1995

      Article Further

    94. International Solidarity with the Republic (Inc. International Brigades)

       

      There is an enormous bibliogrpahy here, much of it memoir material (especially for the brigades).  Some of this is in the Bedford Library but Senate House and QMW libraries have more extensive material, as does the Marx Memorial Library (see catalogue below).  There is a fair amount of material in the more general books above, plus:

    95. The Real Band of Brothers: First-Hand Accounts from the Last British Survivors of the Spanish Civil War - M. Arthur 2009

      Book Further Book of interviews published to accompany History Channel documentary, 'The Brits who Fought for Spain'

    96. British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War: The British Batallion in the International Brigades, 1936-1939 - R. Baxell 2007

      Book Further Excellent and pretty definitive study of the British brigaders.

    97. The International Brigades in Spain, 1936-1939 - K. Bradley, M. Chappell 1994

      Book Further Manual on technical-organisational history.

    98. Spanish Front: Writers on the Civil War - V. Cunningham 1986

      Book Further

    99. Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War - J. Fyrth, S. Alexander 1991

      Book Further

    100. The Shallow Grave: A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War - W. Gregory, P. Morris, A. Peters 1996

      Book Further Brigader's memoir

    101. The Popular Front in Europe - H. Graham, P. Preston 1987

      Book Further

    102. Another Hill: An Autobiographical Novel - M. Wolff, C. Nelson 1994

      Book Further Fictionalised autobiography of commander of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade - highly recommended.

    103. Franco: A Concise Biography - G. Ashford Hodges 2002

      Book Further

    104. La Iglesia de Franco - J. Casanova 2005

      Book Further

    105. The Spanish Civil War - S.M. Ellwood 1991

      Book Further

    106. Spanish Fascism in the Franco Era: Falange Española de las Jons, 1936-76 - S. Ellwood 1987

      Book Further See Chapter 1 on Falange, 1933-1939

    107. Franco - S. Ellwood 1994

      Book Further

    108. The Spanish Civil War 1936-2002: The Return of Republican Memory - H. Graham 2003

      Book Further Lecture given at the Imperial War Museum, London, 8 March 2003

    109. The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century - H. Graham 2012

      Book Further See especially Chs. 2, 3 and 6, which will be loaded to the Moodle site.

    110. Victimas de la Guerra Civil - S. Julia, J. Casanova 1999

      Book Further

    111. The Franco Regime, 1936-1975 - S.G. Payne 2000

      Book Further

    112. Spaniards in the Holocaust - D.W. Pike 2000 (Electronic Resource)

      Book Further

    113. Spaniards in the Holocaust - D.W. Pike 2000

      Book Further

    114. War of Words - J. Simpson 2012

      Audio document Further See BBC Radio 4 series by John Simpson, 'War of Words', first broadcast summer 2012 and available online via Box of Broadcasts to which RHUL subscribes, so you can login with your RHUL email address at: bobnational.net and search the archive for it.

    115. Franco: A Biography - P. Preston 1995

      Book Further

    116. A Death in Zamora - R. Sender Barayón 1989

      Book Further

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