globe
  1. Core Texts 3 items
    1. Animal Physiology - Knut Schmidt-Nielsen 2008

      Book Essential

    2. Animal Athletes: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach - Duncan J. Irschick, Timothy E. Higham 2016

      Book Essential

    3. Animal Athletes: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach - Duncan J. Irschick, Timothy E. Higham 2016 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential

  2. Lecture 1: Introduction 0 items
  3. Lecture 2: Strength 5 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 1 item
      1. Chimpanzee Super Strength and Human Skeletal Muscle Evolution - Matthew C. O’Neill, Brian R. Umberger, Nicholas B. Holowka, Susan G. Larson 2017

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 3 items
      1. Why Are Chimps Stronger Than Humans? - Scientific American 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 1 item
  4. Lecture 3: Cold I 9 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 1 item
      1. Molecular Physiology of Freeze Tolerance in Vertebrates - Kenneth B. Storey, Janet M. Storey 2017

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 7 items
      1. Freezing North American Wood Frogs - Sinope Diogenes 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Frogsicles: Frozen But Still Alive - Smithsonian Channel 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. Living Dead Frogs - Nat Geo WILD 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. The Wood Frog's Freeze Tolerance - Travis DuBridge 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Why Don't Penguins Feet Freeze - Randomly Researched 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      6. Animals in the Zoo: World in InfraRed - Workswell 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 1 item
  5. Lecture 4: Cold II 28 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 22 items
      1. Freeze Duration Influences Postfreeze Survival in the Frog Rana Sylvatica - Jack R. Layne, Jon P. Costanzo, Richard E. Lee 1998

        Article Recommended

      2. Real-Time Measurement of Metabolic Rate During Freezing and Thawing of the Wood Frog, : Implications for Overwinter Energy Use - Brent J. Sinclair, Joseph R. Stinziano, Caroline M. Williams, Heath A. MacMillan 2013

        Article Recommended

      3. Postfreeze Reduction of Locomotor Endurance in the Freeze‐Tolerant Wood Frog, - Jason T. Irwin, Jon P. Costanzo, Richard E. Lee, Jr. 2003

        Article Recommended

      4. Freezing-Induced Changes in the Heart Rate of Wood Frogs (Rana Sylvatica) - J. R. Layne Jr., R. E. Lee Jr., T. L. Heil 1989

        Article Recommended

      5. Cryoprotectants and Extreme Freeze Tolerance in a Subarctic Population of the Wood Frog - Jon P. Costanzo, Alice M. Reynolds, M. Clara F. do Amaral, Andrew J. Rosendale 2015

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 5 items
      1. Bear Hibernation - PBS 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 1 item
  6. Lecture 5: Heat I 39 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 33 items
      1. Thermal Windows on the Body Surface of African Elephants (Loxodonta Africana) Studied by Infrared Thermography - Nicole M. Weissenböck, Christoph M. Weiss, Harald M. Schwammer, Helmut Kratochvil 2010

        Article Recommended

      2. Basal Metabolic Rate of Canidae from Hot Deserts to Cold Arctic Climates - Vincent Careau, Julie Morand-Ferron, Don Thomas 2007

        Article Recommended

      3. Heat Exchange From the Toucan Bill Reveals a Controllable Vascular Thermal Radiator - Glenn J. Tattersall, Denis V. Andrade, Augusto S. Abe 2009

        Article Recommended

      4. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Rüppell’s Foxes in Saudi Arabia - Joseph B. Williams, Danny Lenain, Stephane Ostrowski, B. I. Tieleman 2002

        Article Recommended

      5. Blood-Squirting Variability in Horned Lizards (Phrynosoma) - Wade C. Sherbrooke, George A. Middendorf, III 2001

        Article Recommended

      6. Ecological Character Displacement in Saharo-Arabian Vulpes: Outfoxing Bergmann's Rule - Tamar Dayan, Eitan Tchernov, Yoram Yom-Tov, Daniel Simberloff 1989

        Article Recommended

      7. Temperature Induced Peripheral Blood Flow Changes in Lizards - Lawrence A. Baker, Wesley W. Weathers, Fred N. White 1972

        Article Recommended

      8. Temperature Induced Peripheral Blood Flow Changes in Lizards - Lawrence A. Baker, Wesley W. Weathers, Fred N. White 1972

        Article Recommended

      9. The Role of Pinnae Flapping Motion on Elephant Metabolic Heat Dissipation - Moise Koffi, Yiannis Andreopoulos, Latif M. Jiji 2014

        Article Recommended

      10. Regulation of Heat Exchange Across the Hornbill Beak: Functional Similarities With Toucans? - T. M. F. N. van de Ven, R. O. Martin, T. J. F. Vink, A. E. McKechnie 2016

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 4 items
      1. Fennec the Sahara Desert Fox - Khaled Mamoune 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Several Cold Blooded Animals in Infrared - World of Warmth 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 2 items
  7. Lecture 6: Heat II 5 items
    1. Recommended Viewing: 4 items
      1. Toucan Bill Regulates Body Temperature - WIRED 2009

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Elephant - P640 2010

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. Infrared IR Elephant 2006

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    2. Recommended Websites: 1 item
  8. Lecture 7: Diving 37 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 21 items
      1. Stereotypical Resting Behavior of the Sperm Whale - Patrick J.O. Miller, Kagari Aoki, Luke E. Rendell, Masao Amano 2008

        Article Recommended

      2. Cumulative Sperm Whale Bone Damage and the Bends - Michael J. Moore, Greg A. Early 2215

        Article Recommended

      3. Extreme Diving of Beaked Whales - Peter L. Tyack 2006

        Article Recommended

      4. Sperm Whales React to an Attack by Killer Whales - T. Arnbom, V. Papastavrou, L. S. Weilgart, H. Whitehead 1987

        Article Recommended

      5. First Long-Term Behavioral Records from Cuvier’s Beaked Whales (Ziphius cavirostris) Reveal Record-Breaking Dives - Gregory S. Schorr, Erin A. Falcone, David J. Moretti, Russel D. Andrews 2014

        Article Recommended

      6. Sperm Whales Tagged With Transponders and Tracked Underwater by Sonar - William A. Watkins, Mary Ann Daher, Kurt M. Fristrup, Terrance J. Howald 1993

        Article Recommended

      7. Deep-Diving Foraging Behaviour of Sperm Whales (Physeter macrocephalus) - Stephanie L. Watwood, Patrick J. O. Miller, Mark Johnson, Peter T. Madsen 2006

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 14 items
      1. Sperm Whale Dive, 3D Simulation - Oregon State University Ecampus 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Evolution of Mammalian Diving Capacity - Science Magazine 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. How Marine Mammals Survive Underwater Life - BBC Studios 2008

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. How to Dive Like a Sperm Whale - Nat Geo WILD 2018

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Mammal Adaptations to Diving 2 - Victoria Grima Pita 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      6. Sperm Whales Sleeping - Discovery Channel 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      7. Whales' Bubble Net Fishing - BBC Earth 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      8. Whales Team Up in Amazing Bubble-Net Hunt - National Geographic 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 2 items
  9. Lecture 9: Flight 12 items
    1. Recommended Viewing: 10 items
      1. How Do Birds Fly? 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Gallery Interactives: How Do Birds Fly? - Canadian Museum of Nature

        Webpage Recommended

      3. How Does A Wing Actually Work? - Veritasium 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. Principles of Fligh 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. The Aerodynamics of Flying Wings (Part 1) - RCModelReviews 2017

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      6. The Basics of Aerodynamics 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      7. Whiffling Goose 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    2. Recommended Websites: 2 items
  10. Lecture 10: Altitude 29 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 5 items
      1. The Trans-Himalayan Flights of Bar-Headed Geese (Anser indicus) - L. A. Hawkes, S. Balachandran, N. Batbayar, P. J. Butler 2011

        Article Recommended

      2. Maximum Running Speed of Captive Bar-Headed Geese Is Unaffected by Severe Hypoxia - Lucy A. Hawkes, Patrick J. Butler, Peter B. Frappell, Jessica U. Meir 2014

        Article Recommended

      3. How Bar-Headed Geese Fly Over the Himalayas - Graham R. Scott, Lucy A. Hawkes, Peter B. Frappell, Patrick J. Butler 2015

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 20 items
      1. Bird Respiration - Abigail C 2011

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Fastest Animal Makes a Kill - Nat Geo WILD 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. How the Fastest Animal on Earth Attacks Its Prey - Smithsonian Channel 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. Airflow in Birds - Rethink Biology 2018

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Running Geese Give Insight Into Low Oxygen Tolerance - University of Exeter 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      6. The Roller Coaster Flight Strategy of Bar-Headed Geese - Bangor University 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      7. Top Gun Geese! - Extreme Animals - BBC Studios 2008

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      8. Whiffling Goose 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 4 items
  11. Lecture 11: Deserts 24 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 14 items
      1. Sand-Diving as an Escape Tactic in the Lizard Meroles Anchietae - J. Sunny Evans, Douglas A. Eifler, Maria A. Eifler 2017

        Article Recommended

      2. Locomotor Performance and Energetic Cost of Sidewinding by the Snake Crotalus Cerastes - Stephen M. Secor, Bruce C. Jayne, Albert F. Bennett 1992

        Article Recommended

      3. Sidewinding With Minimal Slip: Snake and Robot Ascent of Sandy Slopes - H. Marvi, C. Gong, N. Gravish, H. Astley 2014

        Article Recommended

      4. Undulatory Swimming in Sand: Subsurface Locomotion of the Sandfish Lizard - Ryan D. Maladen, Yang Ding, Chen Li, Daniel I. Goldman 2009

        Article Recommended

      5. Locomotor Benefits of Being a Slender and Slick Sand Swimmer - S. S. Sharpe, S. A. Koehler, R. M. Kuckuk, M. Serrano 2015

        Article Recommended

      6. Morphology and Burrowing Energetics of Semi-Fossorial Skinks (Liopholis spp.) - Nicholas C. Wu, Lesley A. Alton, Christopher J. Clemente, Michael R. Kearney 2015

        Article Recommended

      7. Modulation of Orthogonal Body Waves Enables High Maneuverability in Sidewinding Locomotion - Henry C. Astley, Chaohui Gong, Jin Dai, Matthew Travers 2015

        Article Recommended

      8. Adsorption and Movement of Water by Skin of the Australian Thorny Devil (Agamidae: Moloch horridus) - Philipp Comanns, Falk J. Esser, Peter H. Kappel, Werner Baumgartner 2017

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 7 items
      1. Amazing Lizard Dance & Dive - BBC Studios 2008

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. World's Weirdest - Blood Shooting Eyes - Nat Geo WILD 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. Blood Squirting Lizard - National Geographic 2007

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. World's Weirdest: Blood-Squirting Lizard - Nat Geo WILD 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. This Lizard Must Dance to Stay Alive - Smithsonian Channel 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
  12. Lecture 12: Speed 20 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 11 items
      1. Cheetah Do Not Abandon Hunts Because They Overheat - R. S. Hetem, D. Mitchell, B. A. de Witt, L. G. Fick 2013

        Article Recommended

      2. Cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, Balance Turn Capacity With Pace When Chasing Prey - J. W. Wilson, M. G. L. Mills, R. P. Wilson, G. Peters 2013

        Article Recommended

      3. Cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, Balance Turn Capacity With Pace When Chasing Prey - J. W. Wilson, M. G. L. Mills, R. P. Wilson, G. Peters 2013

        Article Recommended

      4. Running in Cheetahs, Gazelles, and Goats: Energy Cost and Limb Configuration - C. Richard Taylor, Amiram Shkolnik, Razi Dmi'el, Dan Baharav 1974

        Article Recommended

      5. Locomotion Dynamics of Hunting in Wild Cheetahs - A. M. Wilson, J. C. Lowe, K. Roskilly, P. E. Hudson 2013

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 6 items
      1. Cheetah Running Full Speed 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Drag Race: Formula E Car vs Cheetah - ABB Formula E 2017

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. This Is Why You Can't Outrun a Cheetah - Smithsonian Channel 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. Rhino Chase 2012

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Springbok Pronking 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
  13. Lecture 13: Endurance 34 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 24 items
      1. Rank and Reproduction in Cooperatively Breeding African Wild Dogs: Behavioral and Endocrine Correlates - Scott Creel, Nancy Marusha Creel, Michael G. L. Mills, Steven L. Monfort 1997

        Article Recommended

      2. Effect of Hyperthermia on Heat Balance During Running in the African Hunting Dog - C. R. Taylor, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, Razi Dmi'el, Michael Fedak 1971

        Article Recommended

      3. Kinematics of Tongue Projection in Chamaeleo Oustaleti - Peter C. Wainwright, David M. Kraklau, Albert F. Bennett 1991

        Article Recommended

      4. High Hunting Costs Make African Wild Dogs Vulnerable to Kleptoparasitism by Hyaenas - Martyn L. Gorman, Michael G. Mills, Jacobus P. Raath, John R. Speakman 1998

        Article Recommended

      5. Power at the Tip of the Tongue - Ulrike K. Müller, Sander Kranenbarg 2004

        Article Recommended

      6. Evidence for an Elastic Projection Mechanism in the Chameleon Tongue - Jurriaan H. de Groot, Johan L. van Leeuwen 2004

        Article Recommended

      7. Dynamics of Prey Prehension by Chameleons Through Viscous Adhesion - Fabian Brau, Déborah Lanterbecq, Leïla-Nastasia Zghikh, Vincent Bels 2016

        Article Recommended

      8. Functional Implications of Supercontracting Muscle in the Chameleon Tongue Retractors - Anthony Herrel, Jay J. Meyers, Peter Aerts, Kiisa C. Nishikawa 2001

        Article Recommended

      9. The Elastic Secrets of the Chameleon Tongue - Derek E. Moulton, Thomas Lessinnes, Stephen O’Keeffe, Luis Dorfmann 2016

        Article Recommended

      10. Scaling of the Ballistic Tongue Apparatus in Chameleons - Christopher V. Anderson, Thomas Sheridan, Stephen M. Deban 2012

        Article Recommended

      11. Additive Opportunistic Capture Explains Group Hunting Benefits in African Wild Dogs - Tatjana Y. Hubel, Julia P. Myatt, Neil R. Jordan, Oliver P. Dewhirst 2016

        Article Recommended

      12. Energy Cost and Return for Hunting in African Wild Dogs and Cheetahs - Tatjana Y. Hubel, Julia P. Myatt, Neil R. Jordan, Oliver P. Dewhirst 2016

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 6 items
      1. Tiny Chameleons’ Tongues Pack Strongest Punch - National Geographic 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. Chameleon Tongue In Slow Motion - BBC Earth 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. How Does a Chameleon's Tongue Work? - ChameleoCam 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. Chameleon Tongue Attack in Slow Motion - BBC Earth Unplugged 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. African Wild Dogs Hunting Behavior - BBC Planet Earth 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 4 items
  14. Lecture 14: Longevity 21 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 10 items
      1. Using Anthropogenic Contaminants and Stable Isotopes to Assess the Feeding Ecology of Greenland Sharks - Aaron T. Fisk, Sheryl A. Tittlemier, Jennifer L. Pranschke, Ross J. Norstrom 2002

        Article Recommended

      2. Bomb Dating and Age Determination of Large Pelagic Sharks - Steven E Campana, Lisa J Natanson, Sigmund Myklevoll 2002

        Article Recommended

      3. Why Do Turtles Live So Long? - J. Whitfield Gibbons 1987

        Article Recommended

      4. Biology of the Greenland Shark Somniosus microcephalus - M. A. MacNeil, B. C. McMeans, N. E. Hussey, P. Vecsei 2012

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 8 items
      1. 400 Year Old Greenland Shark Found Still Alive - Esoteric Detective 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. The Galápagos Tortoise 2010

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. Greenland Sharks in Science 2018

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      4. Opposum with Babies 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Richard Dawkins: Saddles and Domes: Evolution of the Giant Tortoises - Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason & Science 2009

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
      1. Many Sharks Live a Century - Longer Than Thought - Elizabeth Armstrong Moore 2017

        Webpage Recommended

  15. Lecture 15: Poison 20 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 16 items
      1. Homobatrachotoxin in the Genus Pitohui: Chemical Defense in Birds? - John P. Dumbacher, Bruce M. Beehler, Thomas F. Spande, H. Martin Garraffo 1992

        Article Recommended

      2. Levels of Batrachotoxin and Lack of Sensitivity to its Action in Poison-Dart Frogs (Phyllobates) - John W. Daly, Charles W. Myers, Jordan E. Warnick, Edson X. Albuquerque 1980

        Article Recommended

      3. Dart-Poison Frogs - Charles W. Myers, John W. Daly 1983

        Article Recommended

      4. Experimental Evidence for Aposematism in the Dendrobatid Poison Frog Oophaga pumilio - Ralph A. Saporito, Rachel Zuercher, Marcus Roberts, Kenneth G. Gerow 2007

        Article Recommended

      5. Skin as a Toxin Storage Organ in the Endemic New Guinean Genus Pitohui - John P. Dumbacher, Gopinathan K. Menon, John W. Daly

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 1 item
      1. The Poisonous Dart Frog - Blue Frog - Wildlife All About 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
  16. Lecture 16: Venom 19 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 10 items
      1. Venom Delivery of Snakes as High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Systems - Kenneth V. Kardong, Pablo A. Lavin-Murcio 1993

        Article Recommended

      2. How a Rattlesnake Strikes - Walker Van Riper 1953

        Article Recommended

      3. Evolutionary Origin and Development of Snake Fangs - Freek J. Vonk, Jeroen F. Admiraal, Kate Jackson, Ram Reshef 2008

        Article Recommended

      4. Evolutionary Origin and Development of Snake Fangs - Freek J. Vonk, Jeroen F. Admiraal, Kate Jackson, Ram Reshef 2008

        Article Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 6 items
      1. Spitting Mad Cobra - Nat Geo WILD 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. How Killer Cone Snails Kill - The Nature of Science 2015

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      3. Snake Bites Compared in Slow Mo: Spectacled Cobra vs Saw Scaled Viper - BBC Earth 2018

        Audio-visual document Recommended 2 mins 30 secs in.

      4. The Real Way Komodo Dragons Kill Prey - Smithsonian Channel 2016

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      5. Platypus Parts - National Geographic 2007

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
  17. Lecture 17: Dinosaurs I 1 item
    1. No set reading

  18. Lecture 18: Dinosaurs II 14 items
    1. Recommended Reading: 7 items
      1. Neck Length and Mean Arterial Pressure in the Sauropod Dinosaurs - Stephen Hughes, John Barry, Jeremy Russell, Robert Bell 2016

        Article Recommended

      2. Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: The Evolution of Gigantism - P. Martin Sander, Andreas Christian, Marcus Clauss, Regina Fechner 2011

        Article Recommended

      3. Dinosaur Body Temperatures Determined from Isotopic (13C-18O) Ordering in Fossil Biominerals - Robert A. Eagle, Thomas Tutken, Taylor S. Martin, Aradhna K. Tripati 2011

        Article Recommended

      4. Body Mass Estimation, Thermoregulation, and Cardiovascular Physiology of Large Sauropods - Bergita Ganse, Alexander Stahn, Stefan Stoinski, Tim Suthau 2011

        Chapter Recommended

    2. Recommended Viewing: 4 items
      1. Biggest Dinosaur Ever! Argentinosaurus - BBC Earth 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

      2. How Did Sauropods Support Their Weight? - BBC News 2013

        Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Recommended Websites: 3 items
      1. Sauropod Farts Warmed the Planet - Michael Marshall 2012

        Webpage Recommended

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