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  1. Recommended Reading for Human Embryology 5 items
    1. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended

    2. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Recommended

    4. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended

    5. Developmental Biology - Scott F. Gilbert, Michael J. F. Barresi 2016

      Book Recommended

  2. Recommended Reading for Endocrinology 3 items
    1. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Recommended

    2. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended

    3. Basic & Clinical Endocrinology - Francis S. Greenspan, David G. Gardner 2004

      Book Recommended

  3. Week 2: 0 items
    Purpose of Studying Embryology: Development and Disease
  4. Week 3: 14 items
    Early Embryonic Development
    1. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Essential Chapter 1 pp.41-47.

    2. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Chapter 1 pp.41-47.

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 2

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 2

    5. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Essential Chapter 3

    6. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Essential Chapter 3

    7. Developmental Biology - Scott F. Gilbert, Michael J. F. Barresi 2016

      Book Further Chapter 8

    8. Pre-Implantation Steps:

    9. Making the Blastocyst: Lessons From the Mouse - Katie Cockburn, Janet Rossant 2010

      Article Further Review of blastocyst development: goes beyond the lecture material but still an accessible article.

    10. Blastocyst Lineage Formation, Early Embryonic Asymmetries and Axis Patterning in the Mouse - J. Rossant, P. P. L. Tam 2009

      Article Further Review article that addresses pre-implantation development of the embryo, as well as setting up embryonic asymmetry and axis patterning. Plenty of "additional material" here - much of it with relevance to the next lecture too.

    11. The Apical Domain Defines the Trophectoderm Differentiation in Early Mammalian Embryo by Regulating Yap Nuclear Translocation - Fangtao Chi, Angad Singh Beniwal, Huachun Liu 2017

      Website Further This is an 'editorial' on the Korotkevich et al (2017) paper, and provides a useful summary of that paper.

    12. The Apical Domain Is Required and Sufficient for the First Lineage Segregation in the Mouse Embryo - Ekaterina Korotkevich, Ritsuya Niwayama, Aurélien Courtois, Stefanie Friese 2017

      Article Further Recent article showing new data, and highlighting a range of techniques for studying this system

    13. Chromatin in Early Mammalian Embryos: Achieving the Pluripotent State - Helena Fulka et al 2008

      Article Further Provides a lot more detail on the methylation changes in early embryos; goes far beyond the scope of this course.

  5. Week 4 2 items
    Implantation
    1. The Role of FGF/Erk Signaling in Pluripotent Cells - F. Lanner, J. Rossant 2010

      Article Recommended This goes far beyond the detail required for this course, but you may find parts of this article useful

    2. Making a Commitment: Cell Lineage Allocation and Axis Patterning in the Early Mouse Embryo - Sebastian J. Arnold, Elizabeth J. Robertson 2009

      Article Recommended Review on many of the events of early embryology - useful for further information on other lectures too!

  6. Week 5: 14 items
    Early Embryonic Development
    1. Developmental Biology - Scott F. Gilbert, Michael J. F. Barresi 2016

      Book Further Chapter 8

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 5, Part of chapter; pp.75-83.

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 5, Part of chapter; pp.75-83.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further pp.57-72.

    5. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further pp.57-72.

    6. Syllabus contents

      Webpage Further Link not working

    7. Cell Fate Decisions and Axis Determination in the Early Mouse Embryo - K. Takaoka, H. Hamada 2012

      Article Further Review on AP axis specification; also includes some interesting ideas on preimplantation embryo cell specification.

    8. Cellular Dynamics in the Early Mouse Embryo: From Axis Formation to Gastrulation - Sonja Nowotschin, Anna-Katerina Hadjantonakis 2010

      Article Further Detailed review of AVE migration and gastrulation.

    9. The Anterior Visceral Endoderm—Turning Heads - Shankar Srinivas 2006

      Article Further Review of formation and movement of distal visceral endoderm (several figures from this paper are used in the lecture).

    10. Heading Forwards: Anterior Visceral Endoderm Migration in Patterning the Mouse Embryo - M. J. Stower, S. Srinivas 2014

      Article Further (This is interesting but goes way beyond the lecture)

    11. Intercellular Interactions, Position, and Polarity in Establishing Blastocyst Cell Lineages and Embryonic Axes - R. O. Stephenson 2012

      Article Further Review article that covers blastocyst cell lineages and formation of embryonic axes.

    12. Nodal Signaling: Developmental Roles and Regulation - M. M. Shen 2007

      Article Further Provides detail on Nodal signalling, of use for this lecture and the next

  7. Week 6: 14 items
    Left-right asymmetry
    1. Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition During Gastrulation: An Embryological View - Yukiko Nakaya, Guojun Sheng 2008

      Article Further Parts of this review are relevant to mammalian gastrulation.

    2. Gastrulation animation 2008

      Audio-visual document Further For animation of gastrulation.

    3. Variation Among Amphibians of Morphogenetic Mechanisms Driving Gastrulation. (Morphology--Developmental Morphology & Morphogenesis II) - D. S. Shook, R. Keller 2003

      Article Further Parts of this review are relevant to mammalian gastrulation.

    4. Developmental Biology - Scott F. Gilbert, Michael J. F. Barresi 2016

      Book Further pp.317-319.

    5. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further pp.87-88.

    6. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further pp.87-88.

    7. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further pp.61-65.

    8. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further pp.61-65.

    9. Making a Commitment: Cell Lineage Allocation and Axis Patterning in the Early Mouse Embryo - Sebastian J. Arnold, Elizabeth J. Robertson 2009

      Article Further Review on many of the events of early embryology - useful for further information on the earlier lectures too!

  8. Week 5: 13 items
    Neural Induction and Neural Tube Closure
    1. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Recommended Chapter 5 pp.80-89.

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended Chapter 5 pp.80-89.

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Recommended Chapter 6 pp.92-97.

    4. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended Chapter 6 pp.92-97.

    5. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended Chapter 3 pp.94-98.

    6. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Chapter 3 pp.94-98.

    7. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended Chapter 4 pp.107-112.

    8. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Chapter 4 pp.107-112.

    9. Developmental Biology - Scott F. Gilbert, Michael J. F. Barresi 2016

      Book Recommended Chapter 9

    10. Neural Induction, the Default Model and Embryonic Stem Cells - Ignacio Muñoz-Sanjuán, Ali H. Brivanlou 2002

      Article Recommended

    11. Proposal of a Model of Mammalian Neural Induction - Ariel J. Levine, Ali H. Brivanlou 2007

      Article Recommended

  9. Week 6: 1 item
    Reading Week
    1. No suggested reading

  10. Week 9 12 items
    Neural Tube Closure and Neural Tube Defects
    1. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.113-117.

    2. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.113-117.

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 11 pp.274-277.

    4. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 11 pp.274-277.

    5. Genetics and Development of Neural Tube Defects - Andrew J Copp, Nicholas DE Greene 2009

      Article Further

    6. Neural Tube Defects - Nicholas D.E. Greene, Andrew J. Copp 2014

      Article Further

  11. Week 10 14 items
    Spinal and cranial NT closure and NTDs
    1. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.113-117.

    2. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.113-117.

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 11 pp.274-277.

    4. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 11 pp.274-277.

    5. Genetics and Development of Neural Tube Defects - Andrew J Copp, Nicholas DE Greene 2009

      Article Further

    6. Neural Tube Defects - Nicholas D.E. Greene, Andrew J. Copp 2014

      Article Further

    7. Genetic, Epigenetic, and Environmental Contributions to Neural Tube Closure - Jonathan J. Wilde, Juliette R. Petersen, Lee Niswander 2014

      Article Further

    8. Neural Tube Closure: Cellular, Molecular and Biomechanical Mechanisms - Evanthia Nikolopoulou, Gabriel L. Galea, Ana Rolo, Nicholas D. E. Greene 2017

      Article Further

  12. Week 11 13 items
    PCP and NT closure
    1. Epithelial Cell Polarity Genes Are Required for Neural Tube Closure - Kit Doudney, Philip Stanier 2005

      Article Further PCp and neural tube closure.

    2. Planar Cell Polarity Signaling in Vertebrates - Chonnettia Jones, Ping Chen 2007

      Article Further Planar cell polarity and convergent extension

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended Chapter 5

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Chapter 5

    5. Genetics and development of neural tube defects - Andrew J Copp, Nicholas DE Greene 2009

      Article Further

    6. Planar Cell Polarity in Development and Disease - Mitchell T. Butler, John B. Wallingford 2017-3-15

      Article Further

    7. Genetic Mapping of Mendelian Characters - T. Strachan et al 2011

      Chapter Recommended Chapter 14

    8. Identifying Human Disease Genes and Susceptibility Factors - T. Strachan 2011

      Chapter Recommended Chapter 16

    9. Genetic Manipulation of Animals - T. Strachan 2011

      Chapter Recommended Chapter 20; pp.639-654 and pp.657-659.

  13. Week 12 12 items
    Patterning the Spinal Cord: Shh Pathway and Primary Cilia
    1. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 11

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 11

    3. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 12

    4. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 12

    5. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.119-128.

    6. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 4 pp.119-128.

    7. Ciliary Biology: Understanding the Cellular and Genetic Basis of Human Ciliopathies - Magdalena Cardenas-Rodriguez, Jose L. Badano 2009

      Article Further Cilial biology.

    8. Cilia and Developmental Signaling - Jonathan T. Eggenschwiler, Kathryn V. Anderson 2007

      Article Further Cilia

  14. Week 11: 8 items
    By popular demand this will be a revision lecture
    1. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended Chapter 16

    2. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Chapter 16

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Recommended Chapter 8

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Chapter 8

    5. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Recommended Chapter 14 pp.294-310.

    6. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended Chapter 14 pp.294-310.

    7. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Recommended Chapter 12

    8. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Recommended Chapter 12

  15. Week 1: 2 items
    Craniofacial Development: Importance of Neural Crest Cells
    1. Cranial Neural Crest Cells on the Move: Their Roles in Craniofacial Development - Dwight R. Cordero, Samantha Brugmann 2011

      Article Recommended Craniofacial Development

    2. Development of the Face and Palate

      Webpage Further Animation on face development

  16. Week 2: 13 items
    Development of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
    1. Hand in Glove: Brain and Skull in Development and Dysmorphogenesis - Joan T. Richtsmeier, Kevin Flaherty 2013

      Article Recommended Brain and skull development

    2. Craniosynostosis - David Johnson, Andrew O. M. Wilkie 2011

      Article Recommended Craniosynostosis

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 17 pp.431-438 and pp.461-464.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 17 pp.431-438 and pp.461-464.

    5. Craniosynostosis - Kshemendra Senarath-Yapa, Michael T. Longaker 2012

      Article Recommended Craniosynostosis

    6. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 9 pp.172-179.

    7. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 9 pp.172-179.

    8. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 14 p.315 and pp.320-334.

    9. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 14 p.315 and pp.320-334.

    10. Development of the Thyroid Gland

      Webpage Further Animation on thyroid gland development.

    11. Development of the Pharyngeal Pouches

      Webpage Further Animation on pharyngeal pouch development

  17. Week 3: 6 items
    Parathyroid Hormone Function
    1. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Further Chapter 10

    2. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 10

  18. Week 4: 8 items
    Development of the Adrenal Glands and Synthesis of Adrenal Hormones
    1. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Further Chapter 4

    2. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2010

      Book Further Chapter 4

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further pp.499-500.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further pp.499-500.

    5. Adrenal Gland Development and Defects - Petra Kempná, Christa E. Flück 2008

      Article Further

    6. McGill Embryology

      Website Further Link not working

  19. Week 5: 4 items
    Role of Adrenal Glands
    1. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Further Chapter 9 pp.183-196.

    2. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2010

      Book Further Chapter 9 pp.183-196.

    3. Fetal Endocrinology - Sunil Kumar Kota, Siva Krishna Kota 2013

      Article Further

  20. Week 6: 5 items
    Sex Determination and Gonad Development
    1. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 16 pp.416-428.

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 16 pp.416-428.

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 15 pp.500-520.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 15 pp.500-520.

  21. Week 7: 3 items
    Male Reproductive Hormones
    1. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Further Chapter 12

    2. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2010

      Book Further Chapter 12

  22. Week 8: 4 items
    Female Reproductive Cycle
    1. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 16 pp.416-428

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 16 pp.416-428

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 15 pp.500-520.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 15 pp.500-520.

  23. Week 9: 12 items
    Fertilization and Preimplantation Development
    1. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2014

      Book Further Chapter 2 pp.27-39.

    2. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology - Bruce M. Carlson 2013 (electronic book)

      Book Further Chapter 2 pp.27-39.

    3. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2015

      Book Further Chapter 1 pp.39-49.

    4. Larsen's Human Embryology - Gary C. Schoenwolf, Steven B. Bleyl, Philip R. Brauer, P. H. Francis-West 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Chapter 1 pp.39-49.

    5. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2009

      Book Further Chapter 14 pp.277-280.

    6. Basic Medical Endocrinology - H. Maurice Goodman 2010

      Book Further Chapter 14 pp.277-280.

  24. Week 10: 1 item
    Revision Lecture
    1. No suggested reading

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